Recently, I was talking to a computer science MSc student who is working on different algorithms including dynamic programming. While discussing different issues with dynamic programming and branch & bound (two common tools for both OR and CS people), he got fascinated by wide variety of practical problems that could be solved by OR tools. He then asked me for a good introductory book on OR. Initially, I thought of some standard OR books that cover many models and techniques (e.g., Hillier and Lieberman's Introduction to Operations Research). Then, I thought maybe a book with a more algorithmic approach (other than a mathematical programming approach) would be better for CS people. In fact, over the years, I've seen books on some of OR subareas (e.g., network theory) that have a more algorithmoriented approach to optimization. Do you think this is a good idea or not? If so, do you have any suggestion? asked 12 Dec '12, 15:06 Ehsan ♦ 
The closest subfield of operations research to the algorithms and data structuresrelated things computer scientists do is probably network analysis. The reference text in that area is Ahuja, Magnanti, and Orlin's Network Flows. A thorough description of the numerical methods used in implementing the simplex method is Maros's Computational Techniques of the Simplex Method. Vanderbei's book and Chvatal's Linear Programming are better places to start but cover some implementation issues. answered 13 Dec '12, 09:05 Matthew Salt... ♦ Another area that overlaps with computer science is discrete event simulation. Data structures and pseudorandom number generators play important roles in efficient implementation there as well. I don't know the area well enough to recommend books, though.
(13 Dec '12, 09:44)
Matthew Salt... ♦
1
I found "DiscreteEvent System Simulation" by Banks, Carson, Neslon, and Nicol to be one of the best books on the topic.
(13 Dec '12, 10:04)
Ehsan ♦

It's specific to optimization, but I think Papadimitriou & Steiglitz Combinatorial Optimization might strike a chord with someone in CS. answered 14 Dec '12, 17:48 Paul Rubin ♦ 
I am not in the teaching biz, so my advise should be taken with a grain of salt :) As a introduction book for a CS student, I would think Vanderbei's book should be perfect, it's very straight forward and has a nice practical view with code samples, and it's free to download ! answered 12 Dec '12, 15:10 Bo Jensen ♦ I don't think he has put any Astrophysics in it yet, download before it happens :)
(12 Dec '12, 15:13)
Bo Jensen ♦
Good choice as it has chapters on implementation issues in addition to c++ codes. ps. Apparently, the publisher has asked Robert Vanderbei not to put the book for free download.
(12 Dec '12, 15:26)
Ehsan ♦
It does have a section on integer programming, but I don't remember what is covered.
(12 Dec '12, 15:27)
Bo Jensen ♦
Thank you oh master of links :)
(12 Dec '12, 15:53)
Bo Jensen ♦

I like Sam Savage's 'Decision Making with Insight'. It's slightly outdated, as is the software it arrives with. Its idiosyncratic selection of topics and their treatment makes it suboptimal as a course text. (Been there, done that.) However, its conversational tone enables excellent surfing over OR's major applications and models. That makes it an ideal 'gateway drug' for OR. answered 12 Dec '12, 22:55 SanjaySaigal @Sanjay: Thanks, but this book seems more appropriate for people who're aiming to get familiar with OR topics and capabilities without the necessary math background. I think a more algorithmoriented book is more appropriate for CS people as they are usually good with rigorous math textbooks.
(13 Dec '12, 06:26)
Ehsan ♦
Ehsan, I agree that DMwI scores low on rigor/math/algorithms. However, I believe that when venturing out of one's core field, motivation is at a premium. Going from a broad understanding of, say, network decision models to network algorithms (e.g, via Ahuja, Magnanti & Orlin mentioned earlier) is more natural than the other way around, even for someone with a good math foundation. First you understand the 'why' and the 'what', then the how. That said, your acquaintance may find deepdiving into a discussion of data structures or algorithms exciting/refreshing. In that case, more power to him!
(13 Dec '12, 17:26)
SanjaySaigal
